The 1947 - Present Chevrolet & GMC Truck Message Board Network







Register or Log In To remove these advertisements.

Go Back   The 1947 - Present Chevrolet & GMC Truck Message Board Network > 47 - Current classic GM Trucks > The 1973 - 1987 Chevrolet & GMC Squarebody Pickups Message Board

Web 67-72chevytrucks.com


Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
Old 08-15-2018, 07:46 PM   #1
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Backfire under loads

My son just got a new to him 82 K10 with a 305 and 700r4 tranny. Definitely has been messed with and trying to straighten out some things to get it on the road.

It originally had the ESC installed that was disconnected before we got it. It has TCC that is disconnected too. Different HEI was installed. A/C has been disconnected. Motor has been apart but have no idea what was done to it.

Truck ran but not great at all. After checking timing it was way off. Pulled dist. and reset. I had a way hard time setting the timing up. Not my first rodeo but this thing just didn't make sense. Eventually got it but was back at a previous spot where it wouldn't run good. Whatever...

Pulled intake and carb off and put an Edlebrock intake with a Holley carb. (I'm not looking to get into Holley vs others) Runs much much better but not 100%. Timed right up with initial at 12*. Installed new vac advance, plugs and wires.

Though the truck runs way better it still seems to be held back to me. Doesn't rev up like I think it should. When holding foot on brake and giving gas it will backfire out carb and quit.

So in all this I keep coming back to the torque converter lockup circuit. I have no experience with them so I have no idea how they work. But my gut says that if I swap it out to a manual trans the problems will go away. Though I do think that the timing chain is too loose but still.

Does the TCC stuff have to hooked up? How does that system work? This stuf is too new for me. I'm used to older trucks.

So to recap with specs:
Initial timing is 12*
Total is around 32* give or take
Idles pretty good in park. No tach so I don't know the exact RPM
Vac advance is hooked up to manifold vacuum
305 sbc
700r4 tranny
I'm guessing 3.08 gears??

I'm sure I'm missing some things but ask away.

Thanks!! Brian
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-15-2018, 08:12 PM   #2
geezer#99
Registered User
 
geezer#99's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Location: Bowser
Posts: 10,009
Re: Backfire under loads

Have you checked and run the valves?
Tried more timing?
Checked the balancer/timing tab are accurate?
Done a compression or leak down test?
geezer#99 is online now   Reply With Quote
Old 08-15-2018, 08:29 PM   #3
Shugalou
Registered User
 
Shugalou's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2013
Location: Toronto, ON
Posts: 378
Re: Backfire under loads

I'm guessing you have already checked the plugs? Have you checked the gap?

Is it good and warmed up when you get the backfire?
__________________
Found my dad's old truck
http://67-72chevytrucks.com/vboard/s...d.php?t=563321

Newspaper Article Publishing the quest find my dad's old truck
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe...ticle12494281/
Shugalou is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-15-2018, 08:52 PM   #4
Dead Parrot
Registered User
 
Join Date: Aug 2012
Location: Oklahoma City, OK
Posts: 1,074
Re: Backfire under loads

Possible exhaust restriction? Does it still have the riser valve? Is it stuck shut?

Since you replaced the intake and carb, the source of a lot of hidden vacuum leaks went away but might check all the hoses anyway.

What are the plugs telling you? With the new intake, carb and now decent timing set, the plugs should tell you if any of the cylinders are out of sorts with the rest.

2nd on trying more timing. Since the engine was modified by a PO, possible the timing marks are lined up off.
Dead Parrot is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-15-2018, 10:02 PM   #5
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Re: Backfire under loads

Quote:
Originally Posted by geezer#99 View Post
Have you checked and run the valves?
Tried more timing?
Checked the balancer/timing tab are accurate?
Done a compression or leak down test?
Yes I did check the valves and all were ok. Was really surprised they were.
I haven't tried more timing.
Balancer is questionable. There are 2 marks on balancer and I tried both of them without much difference. Which makes wonder.
I haven't done a compression check.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Shugalou View Post
I'm guessing you have already checked the plugs? Have you checked the gap? Yes plugs were new and gapped accordingly.

Is it good and warmed up when you get the backfire?
Yes it's good and warm.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Dead Parrot View Post
Possible exhaust restriction? Does it still have the riser valve? Is it stuck shut? That's a good question. I don't think it has that still but I didn't specifically look for it either. That's easy enough.

Since you replaced the intake and carb, the source of a lot of hidden vacuum leaks went away but might check all the hoses anyway. Yes a ton of leaks went away and I replaced all the rest of them with new. Again it runs way better just not great.

What are the plugs telling you? With the new intake, carb and now decent timing set, the plugs should tell you if any of the cylinders are out of sorts with the rest. I haven't pulled plugs yet since I put them in. I will put some more time on them and pull them see.

2nd on trying more timing. Since the engine was modified by a PO, possible the timing marks are lined up off.
Yes I will try more timing and see what happens. I thought the same thing as there as been some crazy things the PO has done. It also was acting like the timing chain had a lot of slack in it when trying to set distributor in and set timing. I never had 1 give me so much problems before.

I will try these and let you guys know. Thanks!!
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-16-2018, 05:49 AM   #6
D13
Registered User
 
D13's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2007
Location: Memphis MI
Posts: 1,729
Re: Backfire under loads

TCC on 700R4 does nothing in 1st gear. If you have the problem in 1st then it's not the TCC.
TCC is fed by 2nd gear oil. If there is a problem where it locks on in 2nd the motor will lug horribly at the1-2 shift.
Yes, the TCC is wired. Power thru the brake switch so touching brake pedal will dump it.

My guess is that the cam is off a tooth on the chain, or my favorite - someone put a high RPM cam in a stock motor and converter won't flash enough to let it run right. Neighbor had that on his Ferd, put in a junkyard motor that turn out to have been built to run 4500-7000. Explained why they couldn't get it to idle at 800. Set the idle at 1500 and added a ton o timng and it made scary power.
__________________
1987 C10 6.2 oil burner
1987 2 ton
1982 250/TH350 beater in progress
Dad's 1981 3/4 L6 3 on tree posi and no options, awaiting restoration or scrapping
77 1/2 ton 250, 3OTT, and hokey aftermarket AC
Plus a mess o' tractors
D13 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-16-2018, 09:01 AM   #7
cadillac_al
Registered User
 
Join Date: Oct 2013
Location: Maine
Posts: 1,629
Re: Backfire under loads

Double check your firing order.
__________________
76 Chevy K20
76 GMC K15
77 Chevy C10
cadillac_al is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-16-2018, 08:46 PM   #8
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Re: Backfire under loads

Quote:
Originally Posted by D13 View Post
TCC on 700R4 does nothing in 1st gear. If you have the problem in 1st then it's not the TCC.
TCC is fed by 2nd gear oil. If there is a problem where it locks on in 2nd the motor will lug horribly at the1-2 shift.
Yes, the TCC is wired. Power thru the brake switch so touching brake pedal will dump it.

My guess is that the cam is off a tooth on the chain, or my favorite - someone put a high RPM cam in a stock motor and converter won't flash enough to let it run right. Neighbor had that on his Ferd, put in a junkyard motor that turn out to have been built to run 4500-7000. Explained why they couldn't get it to idle at 800. Set the idle at 1500 and added a ton o timng and it made scary power.
So a little update. I added a ton more initial timing. It's close to 30* now and runs much better. Not great but WAY better. Doesn't backfire under load. Still feels like it's lugging. In park it idles and pretty much dies when dropped in gear. Wound up it sounds pretty good. I'm thinking the same that cam is off a tooth or super loose chain based on previous timing events with this.

Quote:
Originally Posted by cadillac_al View Post
Double check your firing order.
Double checked and it's good!!
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-17-2018, 01:13 PM   #9
Dead Parrot
Registered User
 
Join Date: Aug 2012
Location: Oklahoma City, OK
Posts: 1,074
Re: Backfire under loads

IIRC, a lot of 305s from that time came with the nylon ring timing gear. If so, could be enough wear to cause the cam timing to be off.

Maybe a PO fixed the timing gear and at the same time added the type cam D13 suspects. The PO might also have indexed the cam for extra fun.
Dead Parrot is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-17-2018, 01:37 PM   #10
geezer#99
Registered User
 
geezer#99's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Location: Bowser
Posts: 10,009
Re: Backfire under loads

Quote:
Originally Posted by liftlawssuck View Post
So a little update. I added a ton more initial timing. It's close to 30* now and runs much better. Not great but WAY better. Doesn't backfire under load. !!
That kind of timing tells you that your balancer/timing tab is really inaccurate or you’re reading your timing in the wrong spot on your 305.
A 305 should have a timing tube at the 12 o’clock position that you sight down to the balancer. Right behind the water pump.
Are you timing it with this or is there a timing tab at the 2 o’clock position?

Some info here.
https://www.crankshaftcoalition.com/..._TDC_Lines_SBC
geezer#99 is online now   Reply With Quote
Old 08-17-2018, 02:49 PM   #11
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Re: Backfire under loads

Quote:
Originally Posted by geezer#99 View Post
That kind of timing tells you that your balancer/timing tab is really inaccurate or you’re reading your timing in the wrong spot on your 305.
A 305 should have a timing tube at the 12 o’clock position that you sight down to the balancer. Right behind the water pump.
Are you timing it with this or is there a timing tab at the 2 o’clock position?

Some info here.
https://www.crankshaftcoalition.com/..._TDC_Lines_SBC
The only tab on the cover is in the 2 o'clock position. This is what I am timing it to. There are 2 marks on the balancer and I am using the 1st line that comes up to the tab. However if I use the 2nd line it doesn't run much different really. So it having the tab on 12 o'clock would make a world of difference. I'm trying to time to incorrect marks. This would make a lot of sense.

So which timing mark on the balancer would be the correct one to use?
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-17-2018, 03:05 PM   #12
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Re: Backfire under loads

So after looking at the link Geezer posted I have what appears to be the balancer in the pic that shows 2 marks. Now if the balancer I have has been modified and the line is in the correct location then I should be ok right?? Am I missing something?
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-17-2018, 04:23 PM   #13
geezer#99
Registered User
 
geezer#99's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Location: Bowser
Posts: 10,009
Re: Backfire under loads

Quote:
Originally Posted by liftlawssuck View Post

So which timing mark on the balancer would be the correct one to use?
Use the timing tab and mark on the balancer that correspondes to true tdc #1.
True tdc is found using a piston stop.
Like here.
https://www.crankshaftcoalition.com/...op_dead_center
geezer#99 is online now   Reply With Quote
Old 08-18-2018, 11:07 AM   #14
zac
Registered User
 
zac's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2008
Location: louisville, ky
Posts: 404
Re: Backfire under loads

Timing chain jumped?
zac is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-19-2018, 08:42 PM   #15
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Re: Backfire under loads

I did a quick check of the play on the timing chain and it seems I have about 8* of play when moving crank before rotor moves. That seems like a LOT to me. Each time I do something I get a little closer. I'll pull it apart this week and replace the timing chain. You never know maybe something else will be uncovered while in there!!
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-20-2018, 08:12 AM   #16
cadillac_al
Registered User
 
Join Date: Oct 2013
Location: Maine
Posts: 1,629
Re: Backfire under loads

I had an 81 C10 and the timing chain got so loose it wore a hole in the cover but never jumped a tooth. It's always nice to have anew one though. Did you ever get TDC figured out?
__________________
76 Chevy K20
76 GMC K15
77 Chevy C10
cadillac_al is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-20-2018, 07:54 PM   #17
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Re: Backfire under loads

Quote:
Originally Posted by cadillac_al View Post
I had an 81 C10 and the timing chain got so loose it wore a hole in the cover but never jumped a tooth. It's always nice to have anew one though. Did you ever get TDC figured out?
I didn't find TDC yest. I ordered the right tool to find it and in the mean time I checked the play in timing chain. I'll pull it off and hopefully find something real positive out. By the time I get it all back together the tool will have come in.
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-23-2018, 06:01 PM   #18
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Re: Backfire under loads

So more of an update. I pulled the timing chain cover off and the chain was loose. Not as loose as I had hoped but loose enough. Turned it all over to see if the timing was correct between cam and crank and it was dead nuts on. I took the tool to find TDC and located it and found the timing tab was correct with the mark on balancer. Curious now I took the dist cap off to see where rotor was and rotor was 180* out. well that will make it run like crap!!! So at least I found a definitive problem and will correct it while the motor is all apart so I know it will be installed at TDC. Now the problem is with myself. I know I had brought up the #1 piston and felt compression many times on this motor but man I missed something. This isn't like me and it will eat me up for a week now trying to figure out where I went wrong.
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-27-2018, 09:11 AM   #19
Desert1957
Senior Member
 
Desert1957's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2009
Location: New Freedom Pa.
Posts: 1,220
Re: Backfire under loads

I personally have never seen a "305" with anything but the timing chain cover pictures below. If you are timing off the other style timing tab configuration, I'm surprised it would run at all.

With this cover you can only shine a timing light down at twelve o'clock, directly behind the water pump.

Name:  SBC.jpg
Views: 118
Size:  46.6 KB

http://67-72chevytrucks.com/vboard/s...d.php?t=498127
__________________
Desert
Desert1957 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-27-2018, 09:13 AM   #20
Desert1957
Senior Member
 
Desert1957's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2009
Location: New Freedom Pa.
Posts: 1,220
Re: Backfire under loads

Quote:
Originally Posted by liftlawssuck View Post
So more of an update. I pulled the timing chain cover off and the chain was loose. Not as loose as I had hoped but loose enough. Turned it all over to see if the timing was correct between cam and crank and it was dead nuts on. I took the tool to find TDC and located it and found the timing tab was correct with the mark on balancer. Curious now I took the dist cap off to see where rotor was and rotor was 180* out. well that will make it run like crap!!! So at least I found a definitive problem and will correct it while the motor is all apart so I know it will be installed at TDC. Now the problem is with myself. I know I had brought up the #1 piston and felt compression many times on this motor but man I missed something. This isn't like me and it will eat me up for a week now trying to figure out where I went wrong.
Interesting. Balancer must have been changed at some point.
__________________
Desert
Desert1957 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-27-2018, 09:26 AM   #21
geezer#99
Registered User
 
geezer#99's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Location: Bowser
Posts: 10,009
Re: Backfire under loads

Quote:
Originally Posted by liftlawssuck View Post
So more of an update. I pulled the timing chain cover off and the chain was loose. Not as loose as I had hoped but loose enough. Turned it all over to see if the timing was correct between cam and crank and it was dead nuts on. I took the tool to find TDC and located it and found the timing tab was correct with the mark on balancer. Curious now I took the dist cap off to see where rotor was and rotor was 180* out. well that will make it run like crap!!! So at least I found a definitive problem and will correct it while the motor is all apart so I know it will be installed at TDC. Now the problem is with myself. I know I had brought up the #1 piston and felt compression many times on this motor but man I missed something. This isn't like me and it will eat me up for a week now trying to figure out where I went wrong.
It won’t run like crap 180 degrees out. Because It just won’t run. It can’t.
When the rotor was pointing at #6 it’s likely #1 plug wire was right there on the cap.
You can put #1 anywhere on the cap as long as #1 is on tdc compression.
And then wire the rest of the wires correctly.
Sticking your thumb over the plug hole works good if you understand there’s pressure twice in the cycle. Once on compression, once on exhaust.
What tool did you use for finding tdc?
geezer#99 is online now   Reply With Quote
Old 08-28-2018, 08:05 AM   #22
truckin 79
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jun 2014
Location: Lvld CO
Posts: 215
Re: Backfire under loads

I would say you might have a flat cam lobe(s). You could take valve covers off and see if any rockers are loose and check for bent push rod as well
__________________
79 Chevy 2wd BIG10 350 TH400
truckin 79 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-28-2018, 08:00 PM   #23
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Re: Backfire under loads

Ok so I'm getting somewhere now.

First off is I jumped the gun on the TDC and 180* out. It's been a long time since I have built a motor and the 20 years have been aircraft so my mind is in that mode. Any how no it wasn't 180* out. It was correct all along. Then I confirmed my no 1 timing mark locations on balancer. Someone must have installed a different one at some point as it has both marks for 12 and 2 o'clock position.

Secondly - remember I mentioned my son bought a truck. Well that means he's helping me. With that said I pulled the plugs to see what they looked like since they had some run time on them. Found many were black. So me thinks "hmmm, Hey Evan didn't you say you changed the plugs?" Evan-"I thought you did??" Me-"Well lets put the new ones in and try it" I had given him a list while I was at work and just figured he replaced them because he said he did everything. well I was wrong.

Popped a new set in and man it's like a different truck. Much smoother you can actually drive it around without any issues.

However I'm not out of the woods yet though. I can't time it. Moving the dist in either direction and it will drop RPM and die. Disconnecting vacuum advance line and sometimes RPM will rise. Sometimes not.

I have never connected to ported vacuum on any of my vehicles and never had any issues. Not saying that this no different but just would have never have tried other wise. I will try connecting it to ported and see what happens.

The timing is confusing me at the moment. I have never seen a motor have the same affect when turning it in either direction. Any thoughts on that one??

Not sure who said it but yes I have no clue as to what was done to this motor and everything I touch has been touched and usually not in a good way.

It always amazes me on how much effort goes into hacking something when they just could have fixed it the right quicker right out of the gate. Especially electrical things. Sadly this happens on airplanes too!!
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-28-2018, 08:04 PM   #24
geezer#99
Registered User
 
geezer#99's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Location: Bowser
Posts: 10,009
Re: Backfire under loads

Check the weights in the distributor aren’t sticking.
geezer#99 is online now   Reply With Quote
Old 08-29-2018, 08:26 AM   #25
liftlawssuck
Registered User
 
liftlawssuck's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: MA
Posts: 310
Re: Backfire under loads

Yes I noticed the counter weights were extremely worn out so I swapped it out with a known good distributor off my other truck. Same results.

So the thing that me wondering is this: Before when I first started this whole thing I could move dist. and it would respond normally. That's when I noticed that when advanced it to around 29* it ran much better. Now after some time it has no affect. So what did we change. Other than wires, plugs, cap, rotor and other bolt on things. The biggest thing was the timing chain. After all back together turning dist. has no affect. I did check timing and initial is at 29* it will go up maybe a couple degrees before starting to stumble. Retard it and it stumbles right away.

Very frustrating and my son is losing hope and talking about selling it.
liftlawssuck is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Bookmarks

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 03:09 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Copyright 1997-2013 67-72chevytrucks.com